Self-employed 2019/20 Tax Returns Key Facts

Self Employed Key Facts 2019/2020

Are you Self Employed or a Sole trader?

Self employed or Sole trader? It can be confusing but you can be referred to as either.

If you start a business on your own or work for yourself and you have not incorporated a limited company then this is you.

Partnership – As above but with someone.


The tax year runs from 6 April 2019 to 5 April 2020 usually referred to as 2019/20 tax year.

The self-assessment tax return including all incoming sources in this period must be submitted by 31 January 2021.

Records must be kept until at least 31 January 2026. (5 years after the submission deadline)

Your business accounts may not necessarily run to 5 April 2020 you may have a different year-end before this date.

The tax rates and allowances are often changed each tax year.

Everyone usually receives a personal allowance which is the amount that you can earn before you start to pay income tax.
The personal allowance for 2019 / 2020 is £12,500.

Self-employed pay the following taxes;

Income tax

This is payable on profits.

The rates of income tax for 2019 / 2020 are:

Band Taxable income Tax rate
Personal allowance Up to £12,500 (may be less depending on income levels) 0%
Basic Rate £12,501 to £50,000 20%
Higher rate £50,001 to £150,000 40%
Additional rate Over £150,000 45%

If you live in Scotland or Wales, the tax rates and bands may be different.

National Insurance

Self-employed national insurance is paid differently to employed. A self-employed person may have to pay two types of National Insurance contributions;

  1. Class 2
    If your profits from your self-employed business exceed £6,365 for the year, you will pay Class 2 National Insurance at a rate of £3.00 per week.
  2. Class 4
    This is paid if these profits exceed £8,632 for the year as follows;
    9% on profits between £8,632 and £50,000 plus
    2% on profits of over £50,000

Both Class 2 and Class 4 national insurance contributions are calculated on the self-assessment tax return and will be shown in your tax calculation and payable by 31 January 2021.


5 April 2020 Tax Year-End
5 October 2020 Register with HMRC if 2019/20 was your first year trading.
31 January 2021 Self Assessment tax return online filing deadline
31 January 2021 Income tax and national insurance balancing payment payable
31 January 2021 1st payment on account for 2020/21
31 July 2021 2nd payment on account for 2020/21

A payment on account is an amount paid towards the tax due in your current tax year. For more information see our article on payments on account.

To find out more or if you need assistance with your tax return for 2019/2020 then please get in touch.

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